Oceanography Questions
Duxbury Chapter 18

  1. Match each marine creature with the phylum to which it belongs.
    Common name Phylum
    Barnacles
    Chitons
    Clams
    Corals
    Fishes
    Jellyfishes
    Lobsters
    Nautiloids
    Octopi
    Sea anemones
    Sea urchins
    Sharks
    Shrimp
    Snails
    Sponges
    Star fishes
    Trilobites
    Whales
    Arthropoda
    Chordata
    Cnidaria
    Echinodermata
    Mollusca
    Porifera

  2. Match each benthic animal with its preferred coastal life zone.
    Benthic animal Benthic zone
    Barnacles
    Brown algae
    Corals
    Eelgrass
    Fiddler crabs
    Ghost crabs
    Lobsters
    Mussels
    Octopi
    Periwinkle snails
    Razor clams
    Sand dollars
    Sea anemones
    Muddy substrate
    Rocky substrate, high tide zone/spray zone
    Rocky substrate, low tide zone/sublittoral zone
    Rocky substrate, middle tide zone
    Sandy substrate, high tide zone/supratidal zone
    Sandy substrate, low tide zone/sublittoral zone
    Sandy substrate, middle tide zone

  3. Which of the following benthic communities is able to manipulate water depth?
    Coral reef communities
    Kelp forest communities
    Surf communities
    Tide pool communities
    Vent communities on mid-ocean ridges

  4. Which of the following benthic communities lives in the deepest water?
    Coral reef communities
    Kelp forest communities
    Surf communities
    Tide pool communities
    Vent communities on mid-ocean ridges

  5. Which of the following benthic communities does not depend on sunlight?
    Coral reef communities
    Kelp forest communities
    Surf communities
    Tide pool communities
    Vent communities on mid-ocean ridges

  6. Which condition is not required for the growth of coral reefs?
    Clear water
    Hard substrate
    Strong upwelling
    Sunlight
    Warm water

  7. Where were deep-sea vent communities first discovered?
    East Pacific Rise
    Mariana Trench
    Mariana Trough
    Mid-Atlantic Ridge
    Red Sea

  8. Which of the following groups is not represented in deep-sea vent communities?
    Clams
    Corals
    Crabs
    Sea anemones
    Snails

  9. What is the meiofauna?
    Burrowers that filter feed through siphons
    Carnivores in a coral reef community
    Hydrothermal bacteria
    Soft-bodied organisms in a coral reef community
    Tiny organisms living in the sediment

  10. Match each pair of interacting marine organisms with the kind of symbiotic relationship that they have.
    Organisms Relationship
    Baleen whales and krill
    Clownfish and sea anemones
    Corals and zooxanthellae
    Herring and copepods
    Isopods and host fish
    Lampreys and host fish
    Remora fish and sharks
    Shrimpfish and sea urchins
    Tube worms and bacteria (hydrothermal vents)
    Commensalism
    Mutualism
    Parasitism
    Predation

Please report any errors in the exam or problems with the program to Dr. Heaton.
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