Oceanography Questions
Duxbury Chapter 7

  1. What is the correct order of atmospheric layers from bottom to top?
    Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Troposphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere
    Stratosphere, Troposphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere
    Stratosphere, Troposphere, Thermosphere, Mesosphere, Exosphere
    Troposphere, Mesosphere, Stratosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere
    Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere

  2. Which layer of the atmosphere contains the ozone layer?
    Exosphere
    Mesosphere
    Stratosphere
    Thermosphere
    Troposphere

  3. In which layer do virtually all weather phenomena take place?
    Exosphere
    Mesosphere
    Stratosphere
    Thermosphere
    Troposphere

  4. Which two atmospheric layers have temperature profiles that promote convection?
    Mesosphere and Stratosphere
    Mesosphere and Thermosphere
    Mesosphere and Troposphere
    Stratosphere and Thermosphere
    Stratosphere and Troposphere

  5. What consequence does the coriolis effect have, relative to the Earth's surface, on masses of air or water that are changing latitude?
    The results are unpredictable; currents can veer right or left in either hemisphere.
    They veer to the left in the northern hemisphere and to the right in the southern hemisphere.
    They veer to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere.
    They veer to the right in both hemispheres.
    They veer to the left in both hemispheres.

  6. What phenomenon does the Coriolis effect arise from?
    Curvature of the earth's surface
    Effect of winds high in the atmosphere
    Motion of the oceans in their basins
    Rotation of the earth around its axis
    Rotation of the earth around the sun

  7. How fast is the earth spinning at the equator?
    0 km/hour
    1600 km/hour
    2200 km/hour
    3200 km/hour
    4800 km/hour

  8. At what latitude are prevailing westerly winds typically found?
    0
    15
    30
    50
    70
    85

  9. At what latitude are the trade winds found?
    0
    15
    30
    50
    70
    85

  10. At what latitude are the highest ocean surface salinity values found?
    0
    15
    30
    50
    70
    85

  11. What conditions are typical of high pressure cells in the northern hemisphere?
    Falling air and clockwise rotation
    Falling air and counter-clockwise rotation
    Rising air and clockwise rotation
    Rising air and counter-clockwise rotation

  12. What conditions are typical of low pressure cells in the southern hemisphere?
    Falling air and clockwise rotation
    Falling air and counter-clockwise rotation
    Rising air and clockwise rotation
    Rising air and counter-clockwise rotation

  13. What conditions characterize northern hemisphere continents in January?
    High pressure cells and anticyclonic winds
    High pressure cells and cyclonic winds
    Low pressure cells and anticyclonic winds
    Low pressure cells and cyclonic winds

  14. What conditions characterize southern hemisphere oceans in July?
    High pressure cells and anticyclonic winds
    High pressure cells and cyclonic winds
    Low pressure cells and anticyclonic winds
    Low pressure cells and cyclonic winds

  15. What phenomenon causes thunderstorms?
    Cold fronts
    High pressure centers
    Low pressure centers
    Warm fronts
    All of the above

  16. What phenomenon are hurricanes an example of?
    Cold fronts
    High pressure centers
    Low pressure centers
    Warm fronts
    All of the above

  17. What condition is necessary for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) to work?
    High organic productivity
    Strong ocean surface currents
    Strong upwelling
    Strong wave action
    Warm ocean surface waters

  18. Which of the following is made of fresh water?
    Fast ice
    Icebergs
    Pack ice
    Polar ice

  19. Which of the following covers the Arctic Ocean?
    Fast ice
    Icebergs
    Pack ice
    Polar ice

  20. Which of the following is the thinnest?
    Fast ice
    Icebergs
    Pack ice
    Polar ice

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