Matching Questions on Minerals and Rocks

Practice exam questions written by Timothy H. Heaton,
Professor of Earth Sciences, University of South Dakota

For matching questions, select items one at a time in the left column, and for each one choose the matching item in the right column, then click on the Submit button to get a response.

  1. Match each mineral with its mineral group.
    Mineral Mineral group
    Apatite
    Barite
    Calcite
    Diamond
    Dolomite
    Galena
    Gold
    Gypsum
    Hematite
    Kaolinite
    Magnetite
    Olivine
    Pyrite
    Sulfur
    Carbonate
    Native element
    Oxide
    Phosphate
    Silicate
    Sulfate
    Sulfide

  2. Match each silicate mineral with its mineral group.
    Mineral Mineral group
    Augite
    Biotite
    Feldspar
    Garnet
    Hornblende
    Kaolinite
    Muscovite
    Olivine
    Plagioclase
    Quartz
    Orthosilicates (isolated tetrahedra)
    Single chain silicates
    Double chain silicates
    Sheet silicates
    Framework silicates

  3. Match each igneous rock with its composition.
    Rock Composition
    Andesite
    Basalt
    Diorite
    Gabbro
    Granite
    Komatiite
    Obsidian
    Peridotite
    Pumice
    Rhyolite
    Tuff
    Felsic
    Intermediate
    Mafic
    Ultramafic
    Variable

  4. Which rock type is most likely to contain fossils?
    Igneous
    Metamorphic
    Sedimentary

  5. Match each igneous rock with its texture.
    Rock Texture
    Andesite
    Basalt
    Diorite
    Gabbro
    Granite
    Komatiite
    Peridotite
    Rhyolite
    Aphanitic
    Phaneritic

  6. Match each mountain, rock, or tectonic feature with the proper volcano type.
    Feature Volcano type
    Aleutian Islands
    Andesite
    Basalt
    Hawaiian volcanoes
    Mount St. Helens
    Spreading centers
    Subduction zones
    Composite volcano
    Shield volcano

  7. Match each rock with one of the three basic rock types.
    Rock Rock type
    Andesite
    Anthracite coal
    Bituminous coal
    Diorite
    Glacial ice
    Gneiss
    Limestone
    Marble
    Pumice
    Quartzite
    Rock salt
    Sandstone
    Schist
    Slate
    Tuff
    Igneous
    Metamorphic
    Sedimentary

  8. Match each soil horizon with its description.
    Horizon Description
    A
    B
    C
    E
    O
    R
    Accumulation of clay transported from above
    Loose and partly decayed organic matter
    Mineral matter mixed with some humus
    Partially altered parent material
    Unweathered bedrock
    Zone of eluviation and leaching, light colored

  9. Match each soil type with its climatic setting.
    Soil Climate
    Laterite
    Pedalfer
    Pedocal
    Deserts
    Mid-latitude forests
    Tropical rain forests

  10. Match each sedimentary rock with the mineral that is most abundant in it.
    Rock Mineral
    Chert
    Dolostone
    Evaporites
    Limestone
    Potash
    Rock salt
    Sandstone
    Shale
    Calcite
    Clay minerals
    Dolomite
    Halides
    Quartz

  11. Match each rock with its proper group.
    Rock Group
    Arkose
    Bedded chert
    Chalk
    Coquina
    Dolostone
    Graywacke
    Nodular chert
    Oolitic limestone
    Rock gypsum
    Siltstone
    Travertine
    Chemical (biochemical)
    Chemical (inorganic)
    Detrital (clastic)

Please report any problems or errors to Dr. Heaton.