Energy and Mineral Resources

Practice exam questions written by Timothy H. Heaton,
Professor of Earth Sciences, University of South Dakota

Click the circle by an answer with the mouse, then click on the Submit button to get a response. You will be told if your answer is correct or not and will be given some comments.

  1. Which of the following energy resources is renewable?
    Coal.
    Hydroelectric power.
    Natural gas.
    Nuclear energy.
    Petroleum.

  2. Which of the following is not a fossil fuel?
    Coal.
    Natural gas.
    Petroleum.
    Tar sand.
    Uranium.

  3. What is the most heavily used energy resource in the United States today?
    Fossil fuels.
    Geothermal energy.
    Hydroelectric power.
    Nuclear energy.
    Solar energy.

  4. Which energy resource derives its energy from the earth's interior?
    Fossil fuels.
    Geothermal energy.
    Hydroelectric power.
    Nuclear energy.
    Solar energy.

  5. Match each condition with the type of energy resource it best applies to.
    Condition Resource
    Less expensive
    Less polluting
    More available
    More convenient
    More storage problems
    Non-renewable
    Renewable

  6. What is the most abundant pollutant from fossil fuel combustion.
    Carbon monoxide.
    Nitrogen oxides.
    Particulates.
    Sulfur oxides.
    Volatile organics.

  7. What form of energy is radiated by the earth and trapped by greenhouse gasses to cause global warming?
    Radio waves.
    Gamma rays.
    Infrared light.
    Ultraviolet light.
    Visible light.

  8. What geologic structures usually form the largest petroleum traps?
    Anticlines.
    Dikes.
    Faults.
    Synclines.
    Unconformities.

  9. Which rock type makes a good cap rock for oil and gas reservoirs?
    Conglomerate.
    Granite.
    Limestone.
    Sandstone.
    Shale.

  10. What geologic structures promote the creation of petroleum traps along the Gulf Coast and in the Middle East?
    Mud cracks.
    Rift valleys.
    Salt domes.
    Transform faults.
    Volcanoes.

  11. Which fossil fuel can be pumped from the ground rather than having to be mined!
    Coal.
    Oil shale.
    Petroleum.
    Tar sands.

  12. Which state contains a lot of oil shale and tar sands?
    California.
    Illinois.
    South Dakota.
    Texas.
    Utah.

  13. Match each mineral with its type.
    Mineral Type
    Aluminum.
    Calcite.
    Clay.
    Copper.
    Gold.
    Gypsum.
    Iron.
    Lead.
    Phosphate.
    Salt.
    Silver.
    Zinc.
    Metallic.
    Non-metallic.

  14. Which type of mineral deposits are segregated by density?
    Evaporite deposits.
    Hydrothermal deposits.
    Metamorphic minerals.
    Placer deposits.
    Weathering products.

  15. Match each earth resource with the method by which it is concentrated into an economically valuable deposit.
    Resource Concentration method
    Aluminum.
    Borax.
    Copper.
    Diamonds.
    Feldspar.
    Garnet.
    Gold.
    Gypsum.
    Lead.
    Lithium.
    Pyrite.
    Salt.
    Talc.
    Evaporation of water.
    Hydrothermal action.
    Magmatic separation.
    Metamorphism.
    Sorting by water.
    Weathering.

  16. Match each earth resource with its principal industrial use.
    Resource Use
    Apatite.
    Bauxite.
    Clay minerals.
    Diamonds.
    Limestone.
    Uranium.
    Abrasives.
    Aluminum.
    Cement.
    Ceramics.
    Fertilizer.
    Fuel.

Please report any problems or errors to Dr. Heaton.