Levin, Chapter 4

Test your knowledge by selecting an answer and pressing the Submit answer button.

  1. Which two elements are most abundant in the earth's crust?
    Aluminum and Sodium
    Carbon and Hydrogen
    Helium and Hydrogen
    Iron and Nickel
    Oxygen and Silicon

  2. Which group of minerals are most abundant in the earth's crust?
    Carbonates
    Oxides
    Silicates
    Sulfates
    Sulfides

  3. Which silicate minerals generally melt at the lowest temperature?
    Double chains
    Frameworks
    Isolated tetrahedra
    Sheets
    Single chains

  4. Which silicate minerals generally melt at the highest temperature?
    Double chains
    Frameworks
    Isolated tetrahedra
    Sheets
    Single chains

  5. Which of these silicate minerals has the lowest density?
    Biotite
    Hornblende
    Olivine
    Plagioclase feldspar
    Quartz

  6. What mineral group does calcite belong to?
    Carbonates
    Native elements
    Oxides
    Phosphates
    Silicates

  7. Which of the following rocks is metamorphic?
    Andesite
    Granite
    Limestone
    Shale
    Slate

  8. Which of the following igneous rocks is plutonic (intrusive)?
    Andesite
    Basalt
    Granite
    Komatiite
    Rhyolite

  9. Which of the following igneous rocks has a felsic composition?
    Andesite
    Basalt
    Granite
    Komatiite
    Rhyolite

  10. Which of the following sedimentary rocks is clastic?
    Chert
    Dolostone
    Limestone
    Rock salt
    Siltstone

  11. Which of the following sedimentary rocks is the finest grained?
    Breccia
    Conglomerate
    Sandstone
    Shale
    Siltstone

  12. What causes sedimentary particles of similar size to congregate together?
    Cross bedding
    Mud cracks
    Recrystallization
    Sorting
    Varves

  13. What type of metamorphism has a high temperature but a fairly low pressure?
    Burial metamorphism
    Contact metamorphism
    Regional metamorphism

  14. Which of the following metamorphic rocks is not foliated?
    Gneiss
    Phyllite
    Quartzite
    Schist
    Slate

  15. When metamorphosed, what rock type does limestone usually become?
    Gneiss
    Marble
    Quartzite
    Schist
    Slate

  16. When metamorphosed, what rock type does granite usually become?
    Gneiss
    Marble
    Quartzite
    Schist
    Slate

  17. Which type of rock requires lithification via compaction and/or cementation in order to form a rock?
    Igneous
    Metamorphic
    Sedimentary
    All of the above

  18. Match each mineral with its mineral family.
    Amphiboles
    Apatite
    Augite
    Barite
    Biotite
    Calcite
    Chalcopyrite
    Chlorite
    Clay minerals
    Copper
    Corundum
    Diamond
    Dolomite
    Fluorite
    Galena
    Garnet
    Gold
    Graphite
    Gypsum
    Halite
    Hematite
    Hornblende
    Ice
    Kaolinite
    Limonite
    Magnetite
    Muscovite
    Olivine
    Orthoclase feldspar
    Plagioclase feldspar
    Pyrite
    Pyroxenes
    Quartz
    Sphalerite
    Sulfur
    Talc
    Turquoise
    Carbonate
    Chloride
    Native element
    Oxide
    Phosphate
    Silicate - Double chain
    Silicate - Framework
    Silicate - Isolated tetrahedra
    Silicate - Sheet
    Silicate - Single chain
    Sulfate
    Sulfide

  19. Match each igneous rock with its composition.
    Andesite
    Basalt
    Diorite
    Gabbro
    Granite
    Komatiite
    Peridotite
    Rhyolite
    Felsic
    Intermediate
    Mafic
    Ultramafic

  20. Match each igneous rock with its texture.
    Andesite
    Basalt
    Diorite
    Gabbro
    Granite
    Komatiite
    Obsidian
    Peridotite
    Pumice
    Rhyolite
    Coarse-grained (intrusive)
    Fine-grained (extrusive)
    Glassy (extrusive)

  21. Match each sedimentary rock with the origin of its sediment.
    Breccia
    Chert
    Conglomerate
    Dolostone
    Limestone
    Rock gypsum
    Rock salt
    Sandstone
    Shale
    Siltstone
    Chemical (precipitate)
    Clastic (detrital)

  22. Match each metamorphic rock with its protolith (or most direct protolith).
    Gneiss
    Greenstone
    Marble
    Phyllite
    Quartzite
    Slate
    Basalt
    Granite
    Limestone
    Sandstone
    Shale

Please report any errors or problems to Dr. Heaton.
Press here to return to the ESCI 103 Home Page.