Comprehensive Final Exam Questions

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  1. Match each accomplishment with the person it is known for.
    Champion of catastrophism
    Champion of uniformitarianism
    Confirmed the reality of extinction
    Developed concepts of cross-cutting relations and inclusions
    Developed concept of fossil succession
    Interpreted Ediacara creatures as a separate radiation of life
    Promoted concept of continental drift
    Proposed evolution by natural selection
    Proposed that an asteroid impact killed the dinosaurs
    Tried to date the earth using heat loss rates
    Adolf Seilacher
    Alfred Wegener
    Charles Darwin
    Charles Lyell
    Georges Cuvier
    Lord Kelvin
    Louis Alvarez
    William Smith

  2. Match each orogeny with the time period when it took place.
    Acadian Orogeny
    Alleghenian Orogeny
    Alpine Orogeny
    Basin and Range Orogeny
    Himalayan Orogeny
    Laramide Orogeny
    Nevadan Orogeny
    Sevier Orogeny
    Sonoma Orogeny
    Taconic Orogeny
    Uralian orogeny
    Cambrian
    Cretaceous
    Devonian
    Jurassic
    Mississippian
    Neogene
    Ordovician
    Paleogene
    Pennsylvanian
    Silurian
    Triassic

  3. Match each orogeny with the continental landmass(es) involved.
    Acadian Orogeny
    Alleghenian Orogeny
    Alpine Orogeny
    Andian Orogeny
    Basin and Range Orogeny
    Himalayan Orogeny
    Laramide Orogeny
    Nevadan Orogeny
    Sevier Orogeny
    Sonoma Orogeny
    Taconic Orogeny
    Uralian orogeny
    Africa and Europe
    Baltica and Siberia
    India and Asia
    Laurasia and Gondwanaland
    Laurentia and an island arc
    Laurentia and Baltica
    North America and several island arcs
    North America only
    South America only

  4. Match each orogeny with the style of deformation involved.
    Acadian Orogeny
    Alleghenian Orogeny
    Alpine Orogeny
    Andian Orogeny
    Basin and Range Orogeny
    Himalayan Orogeny
    Laramide Orogeny
    Nevadan Orogeny
    Sevier Orogeny
    Sonoma Orogeny
    Taconic Orogeny
    Uralian orogeny
    Domal uplifts
    Normal faults
    Thrust faults
    Typical continental collision
    Typical subduction zone

  5. Match each group of organisms with the eon or era when it originated.
    Acanthodians
    Amphibians
    Angiosperms
    Birds
    Chondrichthyes
    Dinosaurs
    Ediacaran fauna
    Eukaryotes
    Frogs
    Gymnosperms
    Humans
    Mammals
    Osteichthyes
    Ostracoderms
    Placoderms
    Prokaryotes
    Reptiles
    Song birds
    Whales
    Archean
    Cenozoic
    Mesozoic
    Paleozoic
    Proterozoic

  6. Match each reef-former with the period when it was most important.
    Archaeocyathids
    Bryozoans
    Rudistids
    Rugose corals
    Scleractinian corals
    Stromatolites
    Stromatoporoids
    Tabulate corals
    Cambrian
    Mesozoic and Cenozoic
    Mesozoic only
    Paleozoic (post-Cambrian)
    Precambrian

  7. Match each group of organisms with the era when it was most diverse or served best as an index fossil.
    Ammonites
    Angiosperms
    Anomalocaris
    Articulate brachiopods
    Belemnites
    Birds
    Coccolithophorids
    Crinoids
    Diatoms
    Eurypterids
    Fusulinids
    Goniatites
    Graptolites
    Gymnosperms
    Ichthyosaurs
    Ichthyosaurs
    Inarticulate brachiopods
    Mammals
    Mosasaurs
    Mosasaurs
    Placoderms
    Placodonts
    Plesiosaurs
    Pterosaurs
    Sand dollars
    Spore-bearing plants
    Trilobites
    Whales
    Cambrian
    Cenozoic
    Mesozoic
    Paleozoic (post-Cambrian)
    Proterozoic

  8. What is/was the largest land animal of all time?
    A brontothere
    A proboscidian
    A rhinoceros
    A sauropod dinosaur
    A theropod dinosaur

  9. What is/was the largest aquatic animal of all time?
    A bony fish
    A mosasaur
    A Plesiosaur
    A shark
    A whale

  10. What is/was the largest flying animal of all time?
    A bat
    A bird
    A lizard
    A pterosaur
    An insect

  11. What is the current oxygen content of Earth's atmosphere?
    1%
    21%
    38%
    52%
    78%

  12. Which era or eon did not have a glaciation event?
    Cenozoic
    Early Proterozoic
    Late Proterozoic
    Mesozoic
    Paleozoic

  13. When did the deep-freeze called "snowball earth" occur?
    Cenozoic
    Early Proterozoic
    Late Proterozoic
    Mesozoic
    Paleozoic

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